Austen and MTM: Pleasantly Subversive

Austen and MTM: Pleasantly Subversive

When the news came recently that Mary Tyler Moore had died, I joined millions of others in feeling a deep sadness at the loss of an actress who had lit up television during a relatively bland era. Before she was done, Moore won seven Emmy Awards and two Tony Awards, received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Comedy Awards, and was in the Television Hall of Fame.

In taking embarrassment into the form of high art, she found a way to make a case for all women to be treated with respect, whether the woman in question was a suburban housewife caring for her family or an enterprising single woman making her own way in the world. She proved her serious acting chops in the movie “Ordinary People” and many other films.

As I—along with many, many others—replayed some of the best clips from both “The Dick Van Dyke Show” and “The Mary Tyler Moore Show,” I kept thinking that there was another connection to be made, but I couldn’t figure out what it might be until I was watching an hour-long retrospective. Early critics savaged Moore’s show for having a pug-ugly male lead—Ed Asner—a strange supporting cast, and a lead that no American audience would ever accept—not only a woman, but a “spinster.”

 Then it hit me: Mary Tyler Moore was the Jane Austen of our era.

 Think about it. At their height, Mary Tyler Moore (as Mary Richards in her TV series) and Austen (as a novelist) were single woman in their thirties, hitting their professional stride in a world weighted against women and thwarting them in a variety of ways big and small. Both experienced might-have-been relationships in their personal lives that at times brought reflection over loss—but never stopped their quest to move ahead alone.

In a time of great social tumult, both were quiet supporters of a better way. While some contemporary women were tough, intellectual advocates of better treatment for women (Mary Wollstonecraft in Austen’s day, Gloria Steinem and others in Moore’s day), Austen and Moore used gentle humor and social satire in their renderings of ordinary life. They made many of the same points as did the advocates, but in a way that was easier to accept because, in ordinary life, the injustice perpetrated was so palpably wrong.

Jane and Mary adhered to most social norms while subverting them.

Mary Richards, for example, was the only cast regular who called Lou Grant “Mr. Grant” instead of “Lou.” Her respect and deference were the basis by which she would haltingly question Mr. Grant. Step by step, she would walk him down some male-centered policy until his own logic proved he was wrong. In a similar fashion, Austen did not preach a moral as many of her sisterly novelists did. Instead, Austen let people like Mr. Collins and Mrs. Elton simply speak and act, demonstrating their selfishness and vanity objectively—aided at times with the gentlest of authorial irony.

The approachability of Jane and Mary, and their handling of ordinary domestic life and work, led readers and viewers not only to identify with them but to feel that they had their own personal relationship. Fans automatically spoke in terms of “my Jane” and “my Mary”—sister, aunt, BFF. One actress, who played a character who was mean to Mary on the show, received death threats. One suspects a similar reaction should anyone trash-talk Austen in front of Janeites.

Austen influenced numerous women authors in future generations—as well as men—while Oprah Winfrey and a generation of female journalists praised Moore for showing them how to achieve success while remaining themselves, how not to succumb to anger or despair while persevering. Putting a good face forward was not a way of swallowing pride at insult and disrespect but of subtly gaining ground while antagonists—male and female—were busy preening.

 Jane Austen of the 19th Century and Mary Tyler Moore of the 20th Century: Sisters at heart!

 What do you think—are these reasonable parallels? Are there others I missed? Who else might be the Jane Austen of our world?

P.S. I may be slow to respond to comments. I’m in Australia this week to deliver a series of talks to the Jane Austen Society of Australia in Sydney, Newcastle, and Brisbane, with a lot of travel and a huge time difference!

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11 Responses to Austen and MTM: Pleasantly Subversive

  1. (Here I am just now reading some blogs sent nearly a year ago. Sorry but at least I didn’t delete them. I just get too many and don’t get to them if I am deep into the book I am reading that day.) How very interesting. What insight you have – thank you for sharing. I can definitely see the validity of the points you made. I remember so many times watching her on TV although I have never been one to go to the movies that much I did catch a few which came to TV later.

  2. This is really excellent, Collins! I certainly never made the connection between Mary Tyler Moore and Austen, but it is a good one. I loved the gentle feminist of Moore, which, in my opinion, spoke louder than the in-your-face activism of others during her time. One CAN be an advocate for independence, social rights, and so on while remaining a lady. Ah, if only this were still the norm. *sigh

  3. Thanks to everyone who has commented, especially those who felt I made a valid connection. I was afraid I was perhaps a little loopy on this point! Having a great time in Australia. Lovely people, great attention at my talks, good questions. Just missed a horrific heatwave. Now it’s only “hot.” Sydney felt like New Orleans and Brisbane like anywhere else in the U.S. South!

  4. That’s an interesting parallel, but I have to admit, I don’t feel I know enough about Mary Tyler Moore to comment. You sound very convincing, though.

    I like your point about using humor, stories and small increments of discussion to create greater understanding. I’ve read the best way to convince someone of something is to let them think it’s their idea 🙂 More than that, though, I think it’s good to meet people on common ground, if you can, and then try to shift them from there. You have to start a conversation somewhere, after all. It may be our world today has lost a bit of subtlety. Jane Austen was certainly a master of it.

    I hope Australia is being amazing. Have fun!

  5. Just so everyone knows, Collins is speaking at a JASNA event in Australia this week, and although he plans to respond, the time difference will impact his doing so as quickly as he might wish.

  6. Hope you are having a delightful trip. Eat, rest, sleep and no worries. Sorry, couldn’t help it. Thank you for this perspective on MTM. You made a great case in comparing these two powerful women. Excellent. I would have never seen it, but I do now.

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